Acronyms / Definitions
AP: Advanced Placement … a program administered by the College Board. Students may earn college credit for successfully completing AP classes.
AR: Accelerated Reading … a classroom software assessment that monitors how students are progressing in their reading skills practice. AR works to improve reading comprehension by offering a computerized quiz after each book a student reads.
AYP: Adequate Yearly Progress … an expectation of the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act (now called Elementary and Secondary Education Act or ESEA) requiring all students at all schools meet certain achievement benchmarks. These benchmarks increase yearly, leading to the expectation of 100% proficiency in math and reading for all students by 2014. A school’s federal Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) rating indicates the progress being made toward the goals. Schools and school divisions that meet or exceed all annual benchmarks are rated as having made AYP. States also receive AYP ratings.
NCLB Act: No Child Left Behind Act … The name given to the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in 2001, when standardized testing requirements were established by the U.S. Department of Education for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The act sets 29 benchmarks that must be met by all students in a school for the school to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). Those include requirements for subpopulations to meet the same standard. These subpopulations include White, Black, Hispanic, socio-economically disadvantaged, limited English proficiency, and students with disabilities. Schools that do not make AYP are required to take steps to improve student performance and risk losing their funding or being closed if scores do not improve.
CHROME: Cooperating Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering … a program to encourage students who are underrepresented in math, science, engineering, and technology to pursue studies and careers in these fields
CIP: Capital Improvements Plan … a budget that includes large infrastructure items that are funded over several years, often through borrowed funds; separate from the Division’s Operating Budget. The CIP is a joint program with the school division and local government. Examples of items in the CIP include building renovations, additions and construction.
CTE: Career & Technical Education … middle and high school courses that prepare students for a specific career, such as marketing or auto mechanics
DAP: Day Alternative Program … Alternative education setting for students, housed at Turlington Woods School; Students are referred to the program as a consequence of discipline issues based on the Student Code of Conduct violations.
DC: Dual Credit … college leve courses taught in the high school, in which students can simultaneously earn both high school credit and college credit.
Early Start: A preschool program for 4-year-olds, who meet the criteria of needing an extra year of instruction to prepare for success in kindergarten
ECSE: Early Childhood Special Education … a program that provides early intervention services to eligible students, ages 2-5.
ED: Emotionally disturbed, a category of special education services
GED: General Equivalency Degree … a certificate of completion equivalent to the traditional high school diploma
GRT: Gifted Resource Teacher … assigned to elementary and middle schools to assist regular classroom teachers with challenging all students
IB: International Baccalaureate … a four-year program housed at King’s Fork High School, but open to students from all three high schools. This academically challenging program begins in 9th and 10th grade with pre-IB coursework. The International Baccalaureate Diploma Program offers a standard, rigorous curriculum for juniors and seniors that is recognized around the world
IEP: Individual Education Program … a written plan designed for each student receiving special education services. Developed by parents, educators and students, this plan identifies the student’s needs and determines the appropriate accomodations and program to best meet them.
ISAEP: Individual Student Alternative Education Plan … program offered to students to obtain their GED and also allow them to work
KIND: Kids Involved in New Discoveries … an enrichment program designed for students in kindergarten and first grade. KIND offers creative activities and lessons based on the advanced needs and the maturity of students.
LD: Learning Disability … a category of special education.
LEP: Limited English Proficiency … a category of the No Child Left Behind Act that designates students who are not yet fluent in speaking, reading and writing in English. The goal of the LEP is to teach English to limited English speaking students so that they may acquire the language and communication skills necessary to be successful in K-12 classrooms. Suffolk Public Schools offers a tutorial approach for services.
PALS: Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening … screening for primary students that measures their ability to match letters with the sounds they make. This test helps assess reading readiness and proficiency.
PLTW: Project Lead the Way … a 4-year Pre-Engineering program housed at Nansemond River High, but open to students from all three high schools.
PPC: Pupil Personnel Committee, comprised of three members of the school board who will hear an appeal of a parent, employee, or student
Pruden Center: The Pruden Center for Industry and Technology … a vocational education center jointly run by Suffolk Public Schools and Isle of Wight County Public Schools. Students in grades 10-12 may attend Pruden for part of their day to master trades. Link here for details on the trade programs.
PSAT/NMSQT: Practice Scholastic Aptitude Test/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test … a test given in October of a student’s 10th and 11th grade year as practice for the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and to qualify students for National Merit program scholarships and commendations to college.
QUEST: Quality Utilization Enrichment of Students’ Talents … a program for academically gifted students in grades 4-8. Students receive differentiated instruction from the gifted resource teacher and general education teacher throughout the year.
SAC: Suffolk Autism Cadre … a group of educators who work to facilitate awareness of autism through presentation, consultation, and education.
SAO: School Administrative Offices … Located at 100 N. Main St. in the Professional Building. The entrance to the offices is in the rear of the building from the parking lot.
SAT: Scholastic Aptitude Test … A rigorous test administered by the College Board to measure a student’s performance on critical reading, writing and mathematics; used in the college admissions process
SEAC: Special Education Advisory Committee … a committee appointed by the School Board which includes parents of students with disabilities, persons with disabilities, and community agencies that assist students with disabilities.
SES: Socio-Economic Status … a measurement in the No Child Left Behind Act that helps determine if all students, regardless of family income, are achieving at similar levels.
SOLs: Standards of Learning … curricular objectives set by the Commonwealth of Virginia, laying out the content that must be taught in a particular course or grade level The Standards of Learning assessments measure student achievement of those objects in grades 3 through 8, and in selected high school courses.
SPS: Suffolk Public Schools
STAR: Suffolk Teaching Activities & Resources … Online collection of instructional activities which can be used by teachers, by parents, and by students.
STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering and Math
STEP: Stimulating Thinking in the Educational Process … an enrichment program for students in grades 2-3 who exhibit outstanding general intellectual ability. Students receive differentiated instruction from the gifted resource teacher and the general education teacher during the school year
Title I: Title I of the Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which funds programs to serve children who are educationally at risk
TRAEP: Tidewater Regional Alternative Education Program
VDOE: Virginia Department of Education … http://www.doe.virginia.gov/
VGLA: Virginia Grade Level Assessment … an alternate form of assessment for students in grades 3-8. Teachers can use a body of evidence to demonstrate student proficiency on a Virginia Standard of Learning for a given course or content area.
VHSL: Virginia High School League … organization which governs high school athletics and extracurricular activities
VRS: Virginia Retirement System
WP: Work Plus … program offered to obtain GED and also trade skill